Symbols of Early Christianity on Ancient Roman and Medieval Coins

Christianity spread originally in the ancient Roman empire. The emperor Constantine I, the Great had the First Council of Nicaea standardize Christianity circa 325 A.D.. Since those times, the symbols of Christianity were well wide-spread on ancient coinage. Certainly an interesting topic to collect and explore. This article puts many different topics relating to Christianity together for a quick guide to those topics on ancient coins. There may be more topics to explore, and I would like to add them to the list, if you should like to let me know about them. May this be helpful to you.

  1. Coins of Jerusalem are certainly another intersting topic to collect, that are connected with the “Holy Land”
  2. Tribute Penny coins were issued by Tiberius Roman Emperor: 14-37 A.D. –
  3. Pontius Pilate – Known chiefly for the Trial and Crucifixion of Jesus Christ. His coins exist and are an interesting area to collect.
  4. Constantine I ‘The Great’ Roman Emperor: 307-337 A.D. – is also known as saint Constantine, and are important for Christianity.
  5. Saint Helena, the mother of Constantine the Great
  6. Aelia Flacilla Roman Empress Theodosius I Wife 379-385 A.D., known as the Orthodox Saint Aelia Flacilla
  7. Coins with the cross on them were mostly minted by emperors Theodosius II and Arcadius.
    Coins of Theodosius II and Arcadius Depicted the Cross on them.
  8. Coins with the Chi-Rho, which was a combination of the initials of Jesus Christ in Greek, the letters X and P. The pronunciation of those two letters was actually Chi for X and Rho for the P. This symbol was said “By this Sign I shall Conquer” used by Constantine I ‘The Great’. Notice how in the coin on the right, the emperor holds a captive by the head, while holding the standard with the Chi-Rho, called the labarum.

    Ancient Roman Coins of Valentinian featured the Chi-Rho, early Christ Monogram

  9. Ancient Roman coins depicting Angels, know in Roman times as Victory. It is easy to establish a connection with the ancient Greek goddess Nike or Victory that was adopted by the early Christians and known nowadays as angels.
    Ancient Roman Angel Coins Can also be Interpreted as Victory or VIctoria
  10. Jesus Christ on ancient/medieval Byzantine Coins
    Jesus Christ Ancient Coins Featured Him Holding the Book of Gospels are available for sale.
  11. Virgin Mary, mother of Jesus Christ
  12. Byzantine Coins depicting various saints.

    Ancient Zodiac CoinsDownload this article by right-clicking here and selecting save as