Marcus Junius Brutus – Julius Caesar Assassin Roman Coins

Brutus Assassin of Julius Caesar Ancient Roman Coin Collection & Guide

Marcus Junius Brutus (also known as Q. Caepio Brutus) was convinced by Decimus Brutus to join him in the assassination of Julius Caesar on the Ides of March (March 15th, 44B.C.). All in all Julius Caesar suffered over 50 wounds before falling dead beneath the statue of Pompey the Great (ironic as that was his rival). Mark Antony was held up outside the senate house while this happened, so he could not come to his aid. After the death of Julius Caesar, Mark Antony gave a famous funeral speech in honor of Julius Caesar in which he read the deceased man’s will, in which he left vast sums of money along with lands to the people of Rome. The sentiment quickly turned against the assassins, even though they were first consider heroes riding the Republic of a “tyrant” and Marcus Junius Brutus, Cassius and many others were forced to flee the city of Rome quickly. This left the city of Rome under the control of Mark Antony and Octavian, later known as Augustus, who was adopted as the son of Caesar in his will. This meant that Augustus was able to use the fame of Julius Caesar to his advantage, and stamp CAESAR on his coins, which allowed him to gain support. The forces of Mark Antony and Octavian Augustus defeated the forces of Brutus and Cassius at the Battle of Philippi in ancient Macedonia, in 42 B.C.

Depicted in this article are the coins of some of the most famous assassins, one of them being Deciumus Brutus, lesser known to history, but had played an important role in convincing Marcus Junius Brutus to join his cause. Decimus Brutus received great honor serving under Caesar in his Gallic campaigns (Gaul being modern France area). He also is the one who convinced Julius Caesar not to heed the warnings of his wife, and walked him into the senate house, evading Mark Antony from joining them (who could have came to help Caesar and could have foiled the attempt). Julius Caesar was also warned by a trusted friend by the name of Lepidus the night before of the plot.

Next a coin is shown which is the famous portrait coin of Julius Caesar that was struck fore about a month which featured the portrait of Julius Caesar himself, struck February-March 44 B.C. This being a lifetime portrait issue is one of the important key coins to get in the Julius Caesar coins. His portrait was used on many coins after his death, including by Augustus and Mark Antony. This coin broke the conventions of portraying a living individual on coinage, which strong Republican sentiment was against, having taken away the power of the last king hundreds of years earlier. What is interesting to note is that Brutus winds up minting his own coin with his own portrait, which is another key coin, shown in the video, which can be taken as somewhat hypocritical.

The explanation goes on further to distinguish the coins of Marcus Junius Brutus from the time period of him being the moneyer of the mint of Rome which happened in 54 B.C. In this series, his strong republican values are demonstrated, pointing to his ancestors who were responsible for bringing Rome from the rule of kings to the Republican form of government. His later issues are ones issued by him with his traveling military mint he used his troops. These coins are also interesting, rare and desired by collectors. The most famous coin being the Ides of March denarius, which features the portrait of Brutus on the front naming him Imperator, and the reverse showing the cap of liberty with two daggers on either side, and an inscription below commemorating “IDE MAR” or the Ides of March and the assassination. This was an allusion the the “great deed” that Brutus and the assassins had done for the saving of the Republic.

However after Brutus and Cassius were defeated, Augustus wound up becoming the first Roman emperor, turning Rome from a Roman Republican form form of government to a dictatorship with the ceremonial vestiges of the Senate being present, and the true power residing in the emperor.

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Fire Signal Beacons depicted as the Turrets on Camp Gates of Ancient Roman Coins

Fire Signal Beacons depicted as the Turrets on Camp Gates of Ancient Roman Coins

How the Romans controlled a vast empire through outposts on their frontiers using fire signals to marshal their forces


Examples of ancient Roman camp gates from the period of Constantine I featuring 2-4 turrets

A recent interpretation or meaning has come about that the turrets on fourth century camp gates were actually a sort of a signal beacon, using fires to send messages. Most ancient Roman coins depicting the camp gate featured the inscription PROVIDENTIAE AVG or PROVIDENTIAE CAES. The root of the word providentia is provideo which means foresight.  Providentia being the quality of the emperor caring for his people with an aspect of it, looking out for the security of the frontier. As the ancient Roman coins were used by the Roman emperors as propaganda pieces, it is likely the message it communicated the people were safe from invasions. During this time period, protection of the frontier would have been an important issue for the empire.

The fire signal was used since the time of the Greeks, so it is likely that these coins actually were a way of saying that he had improved it and made it more effective. One of the most famous examples of the fire signal being used was during the American Revolution by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow in his famous poem Paul Revere’s ride. “One if by land two if by sea”. This helped Paul Revere to receive the signal and raise everyone of to arms.

It was the author Polybius, who lived circa 200-118 B.C., that informs us that Philip V, the king of Macedon was being kept informed of what happened in Phocis and Boeotia by fire signal. And Julius Caesar was informed by fire signal about the movement of Pompey the Great’s troops during the civil war.

Polybius described two systems of using the fire signal. One was having two vessels of water of the same size and the same sized hole in them. At each level of water was a specific agreed-upon message. So when the torch was raised, the other tower would open the cork and was then given the signal to stop the water at the specific message. This would have been useful system and efficient with practice, however it could not send unforeseen messages. So Polybius describes a system which he claims to have refined using two sets of five torches, dividing the alphabet into five parts. So for the first letter one torch on the left would be lifted, and one torch on the right. For letter number six, two torches on the left and one on the right and so forth.

The ancient author Polybius writes:

“I don’t think I can continue without a full discussion of fire signaling, which is now of the greatest military value, but which used to have major shortcomings. Timing is obviously important for success in any matter; but especially in war, and fire signals are the most efficient means of helping us. They can tell us what has only just happened or even what is currently happening and, with them, anyone who wishes can be kept informed even at a range of three, four, or more day’s travel. Help can thus be summoned by signal surprisingly quickly when needed. At one time, fire signals were just beacons, and so were frequently of only limited use to their users. For they could only be used for pre-arranged signals and as real events are unpredictable, they could generally not be communicated by fire-signals. If we take the example I have just mentioned [Philip V ], one could send news that a fleet had arrived at Oreus, Peparethus or Chalcis, once one had arranged the relevant signals, but once could still not use fire signals to say that some of the inhabitants had changed sides, or been guilty of treachery, or that a massacre had happened in the town, or anything else of this nature. This sort of thing happens often but cannot be anticipated and it is generally the unexpected events, which demand fast decisions and responses. yet it was here the earlier system broke down, because it is impossible to agree on a signal for what one cannot foresee.”

Another ancient author Julius Africanus from 220-245 A.D., describes how a fire signal was sent in his work the Kestoi:

“The Romans have the following technique, which seems to me to be amazing. If they want to communicate something by fire signal, they make the signals so: they select places that are suitable for making fire signals. They divide the fires into a right, a left and a middle fire so they read alpha to theta from the left-hand one, iota to pi from the middle one and rho to omega from the right-hand fire. If they signal alpha, they raise up the fire signal on the left once, for beta twice and for gamma three times. If they signal iota they raise the middle fire once, for kappa twice and for lambda thrice, and if they want to signal rho, sigma or tau, they raise the right-hand signal once, twice or three times. In this way should you want to signal rho you do not need to raise hundreds of fire signals, but, only one with the right-hand torch. Those who receive the signals then de-code them in the same way, or pass them on to the next station.”

The system that this ancient author describes would work well with either the Greek or Roman alphabet as both have 24 letters. This description fits the three-turreted camp gate precisely. So it would be easy to adapt this fire signal to 2, turrets by having each beacon being 12 letters, 3 being 8 letters, and 4 being 6 letters each.

The ancient description that we saw is a simple rudimentary understanding of it. As this technology had obviously undergone many great adjustments. And this being a highly sensitive technology for the Roman army, the exact codes would have been kept a closely-guarded secret. It is possible that they may have also developed signal of a type similar to the modern Morse code for an even more efficient communication system.

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Roman REPUBLIC COIN Collecting Guide How-To Video & Article

Guide to Collecting Coins of the ROMAN REPUBLIC

The silver Roman coins before the emperors, prior to 27 B.C. Video presentation with how-to article

For almost 500 years (510-27 B.C.), Rome was a Republic and not a dictatorship as it turned into after Julius Caesar and the civil wars that followed. Over it’s evolution, Rome had many different coin types issued. This guide is to the silver coins of the Romans from the time of the Republic. Watch the video above for a great explanation on the topic and how to start collecting, along with examples of types available. All of the coins from the Roman Republic have a reference to a standard book on the subject, Roman Silver Coins Volume 1 by David R. Sear which is a must for any ancient coin library that is interested in the topic. Quite frankly it is the only book on you really need on the silver coins of the Roman republic, along with those of Julius Caesar, Mark Antony, Lepidus and even Augustus. The author, David R. Sear, adopted the standard that Ernest Babelon arranged them in 1885 for the quickest reference purposes.

This area of collecting is one of my personal favorites. There are many important coins dealing with historical events, great generals, important personages, the gods, the goddesses, festivals, architectural works, stories and so much more. However, just like with any topic, it is good to have a guide that will help you learn that it is more simple than you even thought to pursue the collecting of these types. The video you can watch , shows you many types and gets you familiarized with the subject. The list below, allows you to quickly search my store and learn more about the various types of coins according to what I have available at this time.

The coins shown on the video and much more can be seen here:

The List of the Moneyer Names

This part of the guide is designed to give you an easy way to search my eBay store with advanced search parameters, which search for the specific moneyer names below with the description that are in line with the book: Roman Silver Coins Volume 1 by David R. Sear. As you click each, you will be able to see any examples of that specific moneyer I have available. The goal of this list is to make it easy and fun to explore, learn and even put together a very comprehensive collection of ancient Roman Republican coins.

You can also do a search yourself in my store for by checking off the box that says “in titles & descriptions” and then typing in specifically in quotes “”, the parameter like this: “reference: moneyernamehere”. This way if you are already proficient in the types and are looking for specific examples, you can find them yourself also without having to refer to this guide.

Guide to the Coins of the Roman Republic Video

Ancient Roman Camp Gate CoinsDownload this article by right-clicking here and selecting save as

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Guide to Ancient Greek Coins of Sicily Examples on VIDEO

Ancient Coins of Sicily Explained in Video & Article

Learn about the rare Sicilian ancient Greek coins and the cities that struck them

A list of all the ancient Greek cities in Sicily which minted coins with examples of them.

The ancient Greek Island of Sicily has a variety of history and amazing coins to explore. Some of the cities had some of the rarest coins possible. The best standard reference work on the subject of these coins is Handbook of Coins of Sicily by Oliver D. Hoover. I cite coins from this book quite often, as HGC 2, (and the coin number). It is full of history and a variety of types not usually seen anywhere. I highly recommend it.

Over the years I have had a collection of thousands of ancient Greek and Roman coins that is over 13,000 items now. This inventory includes some very rare coins from many cities of Sicily.

Some common problems with rare ancient coins in general are:

  • People don’t know exactly what to search for.
  • There are limited amounts of ancient coins available.
  • There is not a lot of information that can help a beginner collect this series.
  • There is usually not one source that has many of the rare types available.

This article is to provide people with solutions to this issue. My name is Ilya Zlobin, and I am an expert, enthusiast, author and dealer in ancient Greek Roman Byzantine and even world coins and medals. The reason for this article is that I believe an educated customer is the best customer, as only someone that knows about a specific subject can appreciate the value and beauty of it. I have many articles and videos on many subjects, teaching about different ancient coins. It took me years of experience to have the inventory I have available for you to explore. When you deal with me, you are leveraging my vast experience of working with over 53,000 items over the years.

This article is full of links to the specific coins and cities and the coins shown here are ones available in my eBay store at the time of the writing of this article. You can use the links to search my store for the specific items, of which I have many. Some links may or may not yield results, but may in the future. So in other words you can use this list  in order to put together a collection, or check back at later dates for certain cities. You city names are quite hard sometimes to spell so it is another way it is really helpful.

Click here to see all coins of ancient Sicily I have available.

A List of the Cities that Issued Coins in Ancient Sicily

This list of ancient Sicilian cities is comprehensive, including some of the super rare mints which are usually not seen. If you decide to put together a collection, you can click on each of the cities below of your interest and search my eBay store with over 14,000 items for those specific coins. You can also use the list below for your own searches.

or Explore all coins of Sicily

AITNA in SICILY after 210BC Ancient Greek City Coin Apollo Warrior i37922 Rare

Greek city of Aitna in Sicily
Bronze 18mm (3.38 grams) after 210 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1018 var. (three dot in field to left and head left); Calciati III, S. 148, Em. 8
Radiate bust of Apollo right, wearing chlamys.
AITNAIΩN, Warrior standing facing, head right, holding spear and shield; three pellets in field to left.

The Syracusan colonists expelled from Katane in 461 B.C. founded a new settlement about ten miles to the north-west, ad to this place they transferred the name of Aitna which they had previously bestowed upon Katane. 

AKRAGAS in SICILY 420BC Hemidrachm Crab Hare Eagle Ketos Fish Silver Coin i40761

Greek city of Akragas in Sicily
Silver Hemidrachm 15mm (1.84 grams) Struck circa 420-406 B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 105; SNG ANS 1010–3
Eagle standing right on hare; barley grain to left.
Crab; below, ketos left with fish in its mouth.

SICILY city AKRAI 210BC Underworld queen Demeter Cult Ancient Greek Coin i28403

Greek city of Akrai in Sicily
Bronze 22mm (9.01 grams) After 210 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1014; Calciati III pg. 37, 1; SNG ANS 902ff
Wreathed head of Persephone right.
AKPAIΩN, Demeter standing left, holding torch and sceptre.

ALONTION in SICILY 400BC Hercules Club Quiver Ancient Greek Coin i41711

Greek city of Alontion in Sicily
Bronze 15mm (2.63 grams) Struck circa 400 B.C.
Reference: CNS 6; SNG ANS 1193
Bearded head of Hercules right.
ΑΛΟΝΤΙNON, Club and quiver.

Athl / Atl / AΘA Mint in SICILY Rare 340BC Athena Rare Ancient Greek Coin i47252

 Greek city or town Athl / Atl / AΘA Mint in Northwestern Sicily
Bronze 30mm (26.95 grams) Struck circa 340-330 B.C.
Reference HGC 2, 232; CNS III, p. 287, no. 1
AΘA, Head of Athena in Attic helmet right.
Female figure enthroned right, holding palm branch or scepter and grounded bow; all within incuse circle.

* Numismatic Note: This mint’s name has been previously misread as AΘΛ (Athl), in light of modern numismatic scholarship, AΘA is actually a Doric abbreviation for Athena. So therefore, the name of this mint is unknown. What is known is that the larger bronzes were re-struck on Syracusan issues from the period of 375-345 B.C.

ERYX Sicily 400BC Female & Crab Rare Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i28255

Greek city of Eryx in Sicily
Bronze 11mm (1.56 grams) Struck circa 400-330 B.C.
Reference: Calciati I pg. 288, 28 var.; Gabrici pg. 131, 46-48
Female head right.

Gela in Sicily 339BC Rare Ancient Greek Coin Demeter River god Gelas i41739

Greek city of Gela in Sicily
Bronze 15mm (2.90 grams) Struck circa 339-310 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1099; Jenkins 549; B.M.C. 2.77-8
ΓΕΛΩΙΩΝ, Head of Demeter three-quarter face to right, wreathed with corn.
Bearded head of river-god Gelas left, horned, and wreathed with horn.

HIMERA Greek city in SICILY 420BC Hemilitron Large Ancient Coin Gorgon i37118

Greek city of Himera in Sicily
Bronze Hemilitron 24mm (15.98 grams) Struck circa 450-420 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1105; B.M.C. 2.,p.39,27-30
Gorgon’s head facing.
Six pellets.

* Numismatic Note: Fantastic coin in the most fantastic condition you can find, especially such a rarity!

Hybla Megala in Sicily 210BC Hyblaia Modius Dionysus Panther Greek Coin i38058

Greek City of Hybla Megala in Sicily
Bronze 19mm (7.30 grams) After 210 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1115; Calciati III pg. 41, 1; SNG ANS 195ff
Veiled head of Hyblaia right, wearing modius; behind, bee.
ΥΒΛΑΣ ΜΕΓΑΛΑΣ, Dionysus standing left, holding kantharos and scepter, panther leaping up at feet.

Iaitia in Sicily 241BC Zeus Hercules Authentic Ancient Greek Coin RARE i38057

Greek City of Iaitia in Sicily
Bronze 17mm (2.26 grams) After 241 B.C.
Reference: BMC – . SNG Cop. 333 var. SNG ANS – . SNG München – . Calciati I, S. 384, 6
Laureate head of Zeus left.
IAITOY, Hercules

Alaisa “Kainon” in Sicily 360BC Rare Ancient Greek Coin Griffin Horse i43976

Greek city of Alaisa ” Kainon” in Sicily
Bronze 23mm (8.72 grams) Struck 360-340 B.C.
Reference: Calciati I pg. 252, 10; SNG ANS 1175ff
Griffin running left; grasshopper below.
Horse prancing left, reins loose; star above, KAINON in exergue.

Kamarina in Sicily 413BC Authentic Ancient Greek Coin OWL Athena i46586

Greek city of Kamarina in Sicily
Bronze Trias 15mm (3.36 grams) Struck 413-405 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1063; B.M.C. 2.40
Head of Athena left, in crested helmet ornamented with wing.
KAMA – Owl standing left, head facing, holding lizard in right claw; in exergue, three pellets.

Katane in Sicily 413BC Ancient Greek Coin River god Winged thunderbolt i37312

Greek city of Katane in Sicily
Bronze 12mm (1.93 grams) Struck 413-404 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1067; Gabrici (La monetazione del bronzo nella Sicilia antica), pl. 2,7
AMENANOΣ, Horned head of young river-god Amenanos left.
Winged thunderbolt dividing small K – A.

Kentoripai (Centuripae) in Sicily 211BC Ancient Greek Coin Demeter Plough i41811

Greek city of Kentoripai (Centuripae) in Sicily
Bronze Hexas 17mm (3.95 grams) Struck 211-200 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1084; B.M.C. 2.15; SNG Lloyd 928; Calciati 7; Campana 5
Bust of Demeter right, wreathed with corn; behind, tripod.
KENTOPIПINΩN, Plough right, bird right on the share; two pellets in field to left.

Kephaloidion in Sicily 344BC Ancient Greek Coin Pegasus winged horse i36972

Greek city of Kephaloidion in Sicily
Bronze 13mm (2.26 grams) Struck 344-336 B.C.
Reference: Calciati pg. 371, 3; SNG ANS -.
Head of Hercules right, wearing lion’s skin headdress.
Pegasus flying right.

LEONTINOI in SICILY 475BC Lion Corn grain Ancient Silver Greek Coin i18500

Greek city of Leontinoi in Sicily
Silver Obol 12mm (0.49 grams) Struck 475-466 B.C.
Reference: Sear 828; B.M.C. 2.19
Lion’s head facing.
ΛEON – Corn-grain.

MENAINON in SICILY 2ndCenBC Hercules Club QUADRANS Ancient Greek Coin i46600

Greek city of Menainon in Sicily
Bronze Quadrans 17mm (2.64 grams) Struck late 2nd Century B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 763; CNS III, pp. 188-189, nos. 12-12/6
Bearded head of Hercules right.
MENAINΩN, club; mark of value, three pellets below.

MESSANA in SICILY 480BC Tetradrachm Rare Silver Greek Coin Hare Chariot i40765

Greek city of Messana in Sicily
Silver Tetradrachm 26mm (17.38 grams) Struck circa 480-461 B.C.
Reference: SNG München 363 var.; Caccamo Caltabiani 218, 97 var.; Randazzo 59, 162 var.
Charioteer driving biga of mules right; leaf in exergue.
ΜΕSSΕ-N-ΙΟ-N, Hare springing right.

Messana in Sicily under Mamertini 220BC Greek Coin Ares Cult Dioskouros i46604

Greek city of  Messana in Sicily
under the name of Mamertini “Sons of Mars”
Bronze Pentonkion 27mm (10.14 grams) Struck circa 220-200
Reference: Sear 1143; B.M.C. 2. 32
Laureate head of  Ares left.
MAMEPTINΩN – Horseman (Dioskouros) standing left, holding spear and touching the head
of his horse standing left behind him; Π in field to left.

NAXOS in SICILY 461BC Silver Hexonkian Dionysus Kantharos Greek Coin i38811

Greek city of Naxos in Sicily
Silver Hexonkion – Hemilitron 8mm (0.18 grams) Struck circa 461-430 B.C.
Reference: Cahn 97 var. (V64/R– [unlisted rev. die]); Campana 12; Rizzo –; SNG ANS (Part 5) 1360 (same obv. die); SNG Lloyd –; SNG München –; Weber 618

Head of Dionysus right, wearing ivy wreath.
Kantharos; six pellets around (mark of value).

Very rare.

PANORMOS in SICILY 3rdCenBC Athena Persephone R1 Ancient Greek Coin i43658

Greek city of Panormos in Sicily
Bronze 23mm (9.99 grams) Struck late third-early second centuries B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 1065 (R1); CNS I, pp. 331-332, nos. 12-12/6
ΠΑΝΟΡ/ΜΙΤΑΝ, Head of Athena in Corinthian helmet right.
Head of Persephone left, werated with grain.

PETRA in SICILY 340BC Zeus Aphrodite RARE Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i47250

Greek city of Petra in Sicily
Bronze 32mm (34.09 grams) struck circa 340-330 B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 1097 (R2); CNS III, p.317, no. 1
ΠΕΤΡΙΝΩΝ, Head of bearded Zeus right.
Aphrodite enthroned right, holding dove.

Not much is known about the settlement, although it could be believed it was fortified as it’s name translates to “the Rock”. Numismatic evidence locates the city to have been located in the area of northwestern Sicily, and that it was founded before circa 350 B.C. The city gave itself over to Roman control in 254 B.C. during the First Punic War. The community survived until the second century A.D.

SEGESTA in SICILY 410BC Hound Dog Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i43985

Greek city of Segesta in Sicily
Bronze Triantes 19mm (7.95 grams) Struck 410-400 B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 1181
Head of Aigiste right, wearing sphendone.
Hound standing right, four round punched value marks around.

Solus in Sicily 2ndCenBC Dolphin Tuna Fish Authentic Ancient Greek Coin i43653

Greek city of Solus in Sicily
Bronze 12mm (2.17 grams) Struck late second-early first centuries B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 1269 (R3); CNS I, p. 312, no. 17
COΛΟΝ/ΤΙΝWΝ, dolphin leaping right.
Tuna swimming right.

Syracuse in Sicily 344BC Timoleon Ancient Greek Coin Athena Dolphins i46625

Greek city of Syracuse in Sicily
Time of Timoleon
Bronze Litra 30mm (31.71 grams) Struck 344-336 B.C.
Reference:  Sear 1189; B.M.C. 2. 287
ΣΥΡΑ, Head of Athena left, wearing Corinthian helmet bound with olive-wreath.
Starfish between two dolphins.

Syracuse in Sicily AGATHOKLES 317BC Persephone Bull Dolphins Greek Coin i46589

Greek city of Syracuse in Sicily
Agathokles ( Agathocles)- Tyrant of Syracuse 317-289, King of Sicily 304-289 B.C.
Bronze 23mm (9.04 grams) Struck circa 317-310 B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 1444
ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, Head of Persephone left, wreathed with grain; symbol behind.
Bull charging left; dolphin above and below; NK monogram above.

Syracuse Sicily 270BC King Hieron II Ancient Greek Coin Poseidon Trident i39151

Greek city of Syracuse in Sicily
Bronze 20mm (7.13 grams) under king Hieron II, 270-215 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1223; B.M.C. 2. 603
Head of Poseidon left, wearing tainia.
Ornamented trident-head, between two dolphins, dividing IEPΩ – NOΣ.

Hieronymus Tyrant of Syracuse Sicily & Ally of Hannibal Greek Coin i36807 Rare

Greek city of Syracuse in Sicily
under Hieronymus – King: 215-214 B.C.
Bronze 22mm (8.97 grams) Struck circa 215-214 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1224 var.; Calciati 204 R 13. R.R.; Holloway, The Thirteen Months Coinage of Hieronymus of Syracuse, 76a; SNG ANS 1038.
Diademed head of Hieronymos left, beardless.
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΙΕΡΩNYMOY above and below winged thunderbolt, above and below which T A.

Tauromenion Sicily 275BC Apollo & Tripod Genuine Ancient Greek Coin i24847

Greek city of Tauromenion in Sicily
Bronze 23mm (7.26 grams) Struck 275-212 B.C.
Reference: Sear 1243; B.M.C. 2.46
Laureate head of Apollo left; behind bee.
TAYPOMENITAN, Tripod-lebes.

Thermai Himeraiai in Sicily 3rdCenBC Hercules Tyche Ancient Greek Coin i45559

Greek city of Thermai Himeraiai in Sicily
Bronze 20mm (6.41 grams) Struck second century B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 1622 (R3); CNS I, p. 117, no.20
Bearded head of Hercules wearing the lion skin headdress right.
ΘEPMI/TAN, Tyche standing left, holding phiale and cornucopia.

TYNDARIS in SICILY 254BC Dioscuri Gemini Twins Female Ancient Greek Coin i43660

Greek city of Tyndaris in Sicily
Bronze 22mm (8.38 grams) Struck circa 254-214 B.C.
Reference: HGC 2, 1634 (R1); CNS I, pp. 80-81, nos. 12-12/3
ΤΥΝΔΑΡΙΤΑΝ, Female head left.
ΣΩΤΗΡΕΣ, Dioscuri charging left on horseback. 

Sicily Ancient Greek Coins Guide and Collection for Sale on eBay

Ancient Coins of SicilyDownload this article by right-clicking here and selecting save as

Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.

For more great articles and videos on ancient coins, visit, or Click here to see all of my EDUCATIONAL COIN VIDEOS


See More Here: Guide to Ancient Greek Coins of Sicily Examples on VIDEO

JULIUS CAESAR Ancient Silver Roman Coins & Coins Related for Sale on eBay by Expert

Julius Caesar Ancient Roman Coins Guide

Article and Video exploring the types of coins of Julius Caesar and Related Available for Sale on eBay

One of the most important personages in history, known world-wide, Julius Caesar even had portrait coins minted during his life and long after. This article shows a lot of different examples of ancient coins, which can be seen in the video exploring Julius Caesar coins. Clicking on the pictures below searches my eBay ancient coin store for the Julius Caesar keyword. The goal of this guide is to familiarize new collectors and people that consider this as an alternative investment with the types of ancient coins of Julius Caesar available. For silver coins of Julius Caesar and related, I recommend Roman Silver Coins Volume 1 by David R. Sear.

See all the types of ancient Julius Caesar coins you can purchase with the following links:

See also:

Julius Caesar Lifetime Portrait Coin

Julius Caesar – Roman Dictator –
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.89 grams) Struck February-March 44 B.C.
P. Sepullius Macer, moneyer
Reference: RSC 40; B. 48; B.M.C. 4175; Syd. 1074a; Craw. 480/14
CAESAR DICT PERPETVO, his laureate and veiled head right.
P . SEPVLLIVS MACER, Venus Victrix standing left, holding Victory and scepter, star set on ground to right.

Likely the best known portrait coin of Julius Caesar. This coin illustrates Caesar’s break from tradition in forbidding the showing of living individuals on ancient coins. This issue combined with other resentments led to his assassination on March 15th of 44 B.C.

Julius Caesar Elephant Coin

Julius Caesar – Roman Dictator –
Silver Denarius 21mm (3.55 grams) Struck 49-48 B.C. –
Reference: B.9;B.M.C., Gaul, 27; Syd. 1006; Craw. 443/1 –
Elephant walking right, trampling on serpent, CAESAR in exergue.
Sacrificial implement:: Simpulum, sprinkler, axe and priest’s hat.

The obverse type may symbolize victory over evil, whereas the reverse refers to Caesar’s office of Pontifex Maximus.

Julius Caesar Ceres Coin

Julius Caesar – Roman Dictator –
Silver Denarius 18mm (3.68 grams) Struck 46 B.C.
Reference: Roman Silver Coins Vol. #4; B. 16; B.M.C., Africa, 23; Syd. 1024; Craw. 467/1b
COS. TERT. DICT ITER, head of Ceres right.
AVGVR above simpulum, sprinkler, capis and lituus, PONT MAX below, M (Manus) in field.

This coinage was probably struck to pay his successful legions after the battle of Thapsus, 6 April B.C. 46. The head of Ceres is emblematic of Africa and it’s corn-producing wealth. The reverse the reverse refers to Caesar’s office of Pontifex Maximus.

JULIUS CAESAR & AUGUSTUS Dupondius Sestertius 38BC Ancient Roman Coin

Augustus and Julius Caesar
Bronze Dupondius or Sestertius 29mm (20.53 grams) Southern Italian mint, 38 B.C.
Reference: Crawford 535/1; CRI 308; Sydenham 1335; RPC I 620
Bare head of Octavian right; DIVI F behind, CAESAR before.
Wreathed head of Divus Julius Caesar right; DIVOS before, IVLIVS behind.

Very desirable ancient coin with a portrait of Julius Caesar.

AUGUSTUS victory over BRUTUS CASSIUS assassins of Julius Caesar Roman Coin

Augustus – Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. – 14 A.D.
Bronze 19mm (4.58 grams) from the city of Philippi in Northern Greece,
Macedonia circa 27 B.C. -10 B.C.
Reference: BMC 23; Sear 32
VIC AVG, Victory standing left.
3 legionary Standards, ‘COHOR PRAEPHIL’

Commemorates the battle of Philippi, 42 B.C., in which Octavian and Antony defeated the Republican tyrannicides Brutus and Cassius, who subsequently committed suicide. Augustus later settled the veterans of a Praetorian Cohort at Philippi, and he conferred upon them the right to mint coins, of which this is an example. The images on this coin presumably refer to the Emperor’s above described victory in 42 BC. The winged victory standing on a globe representing the cosmos. Such a coin is delivering, without words but in clear images that everyone would have understood, the message that Augustus now rules the world. All the old political institutions were reestablished and the “dignity” of the Senate was restored, but actual power was now in the hands of one man alone.

MARK ANTONY reconciles Ahenobarbus 40BC Silver Roman Republic Coin Galley

Mark Antony
Silver Denarius 18mm (3.35 grams) Summer 40 B.C.
Uncertain mint, possibly Corcyra
Reference: RSC 10; B. 56; as B.M.C.,East,111(aureus); B.A. Seaby Ltd,1952; Craw. 521/2
ANT . IMP . III . VIR R . P . C ., his bare head right, lituus behind.
CN . DOMIT . AHENOBARBVS IMP., prow, star of sixteen rays above.

This piece relates to the reconciliation of Ahenobarbus with Antony.

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Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.

Read Full Article Here: JULIUS CAESAR Ancient Silver Roman Coins & Coins Related for Sale on eBay by Expert

Ancient Coin Dealer SHOWS his RARE Coin Collection

Ancient Coin Dealer Shows a Rare Coin Collection

In this video, ancient coin expert and dealer Richard Pearlman talks about how he started collecting ancient coins. He also shows some interesting coins, such as that of Alexander the Great, Queen Cleopatra VII, the lover of Julius Caesar and Mark Antony, a coin of Julius Caesar and several more. Very interesting presentation about some of the most desirable ancient coins.

Article Source Here: Ancient Coin Dealer SHOWS his RARE Coin Collection


Marcus Aurelius father of Commodus Gladiator Movie Emperor Ancient Roman Coins Guide

Learn about the period Marcus Aurelius came from and see a collection of ancient coins having to do with him and more in this informative guide

Marcus Aurelius was from a time period of Roman history ruled by what is now named the Adoptive Emperors. From emperor Nerva on until Marcus Aurelius, the Roman emperors adopted as their “son” the next succeeding emperor. This era was known for immense prosperity. However, Marcus Aurelius actually broke the customs of “adopting” able administrators and instead chose his son to succeed him. This caused some issued in history as his son was not as positive for the Roman empire as his father was. This time period has been popularized by the famous Hollywood film, the Gladiator, with Russell Crowe. The fact is that Commodus did fight in the arena, and it made for an interesting story in the film. Most people don’t know that coins of Marcus Aurelius and other Roman emperors and empresses can be owned almost on any budget. This guide was designed to show the “adoptive” emperors up to Marcus Aurelius and ends with his son Commodus. This gives you a very great idea of what these ancient coins looked like and the types that were available.

Additional Resources

NERVA 97AD Rome mint Large Quality Ancient Roman Coin Equality Cult i36440

Nerva – Roman Emperor: 96 -98 A.D. –
Bronze As 27mm (8.65 grams) Rome mint: 97 A.D.
Reference: RIC 77, S 3060
AEQVITASAVGVST – Aequitas standing left, holding scales and cornucopia. SC in field.

TRAJAN Makes Parthamaspates PARTHIAN King Ancient Sestertius ROMAN Coin i16812

Trajan – Roman Emperor: 98-117 A.D. –
Bronze Sestertius 34mm (21.47 grams) Rome mint: 116 A.D.
Reference: RIC II 667; BMCRE 1046; Cohen 328
IMP CAES NER TRAIANO OPTIMO AVG GER DAC PARTHICO P M TR P COS VI P P, laureate and draped bust right, seen from behind.
REX PARTHIS DATVS, SC in exergue, Trajan seated left on platform presenting Parthamaspates to kneeling Parthian; attendant standing behind Trajan.

HADRIAN Bisexual Emperor BIG Sestertius Ancient Roman Coin ROMA i40683

Hadrian – Roman Emperor: 117-138 A.D. Bronze Sestertius 32mm (19.28 grams) Rome mint: 119-121 A.D.
Reference: RIC 562b; sear5 #3622; Cohen 1187.
IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG, laureate head right, slight drapery on left shoulder
PONT MAX T R POT COS III, SC below, Roma seated left on cuirass, holding Victory & sceptre.

Antoninus Pius Father of Marcus Aurelius 152AD Ancient Silver Roman Coin i32084

Antoninus Pius – Roman Emperor: 138-161 A.D.
Silver Denarius 17mm (2.83 grams) Rome mint: 152 A.D.
Reference: RIC 203, BMC 762, C 196
COSIIII – Vesta standing left, holding simpulum and Palladium.

FAUSTINA I Sestertius 141AD HUGE Ancient Roman Coin Posthumous i27403

Faustina I – Roman Empress Wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius
POSTHUMOUS After Death Christian Deification Issue.
Bronze Sestertius 33mm (25.25 grams) Struck at the mint of Rome circa 141-146 A.D.
Reference: RIC 1108 (Antoninus Pius), C 37
DIVAAVGVSTA FAVSTINA – Veiled, diademed, draped bust right.
AETERNITAS – Providentia standing left, holding globe and scepter.

ANTONINUS PIUS & MARCUS AURELIUS as CAESAR Ancient Silver Roman Coin Rare i29457

Antoninus Pius – Roman Emperor: 138-161 A.D.
Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius, as Caesar
Silver Denarius 19mm (3.19 grams) Rome mint: 140 A.D.
Reference: RIC 417a; sear5 #4524;  BMCRE 155; RSC 15
ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P COS III, laureate head of Pius right.
AVRELIVS CAESAR AVG PII F COS, bare head of Aurelius right.

ANTONINUS PIUS & MARCUS AURELIUS Cyprus Mint LARGE Ancient Roman Coin i46372

Antoninus Pius – Roman Emperor: 138-161 A.D.
Antoninus Pius & Marcus Aurelius
Bronze 31mm (21.30 grams) of Cyprus
Reference: Sear GIC 1523; B.M.C. 24.84,48
AVT. K. T. AIΛ. AΔP. ANTΩNINOC CЄB. Є., Laureate  head of Antoninus Pius right.
M. AVPHΛIOC KAICAP VIOC CЄBAC, Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Murcus  Aurelius right.

AELIUS CAESAR Hadrian’s Successor 137AD Pannonia Ancient Roman Coin i36470

Aelius – Roman Caesar: 136-137 A.D.
Bronze As 27mm (12.59 grams) Rome mint: 137 A.D.
Reference: RIC 1071
L AELIVS CAESAR, bare head right.
TR. POT. COS. II. PANNONIA. S.C. Pannonia, towered, standing facing, head left, holding vexillum upright, raising dress with her left hand.

MARCUS AURELIUS 162AD Sestertius Salus Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i47251

Marcus Aurelius – Roman Emperor: 161-180 A.D. –
Bronze Sestertius 32mm (25.25 grams) Rome mint: 162-163 A.D.
Reference: C 564. BMC 1038. RIC 843
IMP CAES M AVREL – ANTONINVS AVG P M Laureate head right.
SALVTI AVGVSTOR TR P XVII S – C Salus standing l., holding scepter and feeding snake twined round altar; in exergue, COS III.

LUCIUS VERUS co-emperor of Marcus Aurelius RARE Ancient Silver Roman Coin i12318

Lucius Verus – Roman Emperor: 161-169 A.D. –
Silver Denarius 17mm (3.08 grams) Rome mint: 166 A.D.
Reference: RIC 548 (Marcus Aurelius), C 286
LVERVSAVGARMPARTHMAX – Laureate head right.
TRPVIIMPIIICOSII – Parthian captive seated right, hands tied behind back, arms before.* Numismatic Note: Historically significant type celebrating victory over Parthia.

FAUSTINA II Marcus Aurelius Wife HUGE Rare Ancient Roman Coin Fertility i16811

Faustina II – Roman Empress & Wife of Emperor Marcus Aurelius – 161-175 A.D. –
Bronze Sestertius 31mm (30.67 grams) Rome mint: 161-175
Reference: RIC 1638 (Marcus Aurelius), C 100
FAVSTINAAVGVSTA – Diademed, draped bust right.
FECVNDITAS – Fecunditas standing right, holding scepter and infant Commodus; SC across fields.

Faustina II wife of Marcus Aurelius Ancient Roman Coin DIANA LUNA Hope i27364

Faustina II – Roman Empress & Wife of Emperor Marcus Aurelius – 161-175 A.D. –
Bronze As 26mm (13.15 grams) Rome mint: 161-175 A.D.
Reference: RIC 1629,Cohen 86; Sear5 5293.
FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right
DIANA LVCIF, Diana standing right with long torch.

Faustina II Marcus Aurelius wife Silver Ancient Roman Coin Deification i31248

Faustina II – Roman Empress & Wife of Emperor Marcus Aurelius – 161-175 A.D. –
Posthumous Issue
Silver Denarius 16mm (2.35 grams) Rome mint: 176-180 A.D.
Reference: RIC 744 (Marcus Aurelius), S 5215, C 71
DIVAFAVSTINAPIA – Draped bust right.
CONSECRATIO – Peacock standing right.

COMMODUS son of Marcus Aurelius Ancient Silver Roman Coin Equality Cult i26701

Commodus – Roman Emperor: 177-192 A.D.
Silver Denarius 18mm (2.35 grams) Rome mint: 183-184 A.D.
Reference: RIC 60; C. 893.
M COMMODVS  ANTON AVG PIVS, laureate head right.
P M TR P VIIII IMP VI COS IIII PP, Aequitas standing left with cornucopia and scales.

Commodus son of Marcus Aurelius Silver Ancient Roman Coin APOLLO LYRE i39534

Commodus – Roman Emperor: 177-192 A.D.
Son of Marcus Aurelius
Silver Denarius 18mm (2.95 grams) Rome mint Struck circa 190-191 A.D.
Reference: RIC 218, S 5629, C 24
MCOMMANTPFELAVGBRITPP – Laureate head right.
APOLPALPMTRPXVICOSVI – Apollo standing, facing, holding plectrum and lyre on column.

CRISPINA daughter in law of Marcus Aurelius Big Rare Ancient Roman Coin i42132

Crispina – Roman Empress: 177-183 A.D. – Wife of Commodus –
Bronze Sestertius 30mm (26.67 grams) Rome mint  178-172 A.D.
Reference: RIC 672a (Commodus).
CRISPINA AVGVSTA, draped bust right
SALVS Exe: S-C, Salus seated left, holding patera from which she feeds snake coiled about altar, resting arm on back of chair.

Marcus Aurelius Coins

Marcus Aurelius father of Commodus Gladiator Movie Emperor Ancient Roman Coins Guide

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“Show me the money”: A look at investing in rare coins

“Show me the money”: A look at investing in rare coins

Having collectibles as an investment can be a great way to diversify your investment portfolio and minimize risk. The general rule of thumb is to invest in what you love when it comes to collectibles so that if your collection doesn’t realize a return, you still get to enjoy your collection.With uncertainty ever present in the public and private markets coupled with recession and other economic ups and downs, tangible assets, also known as hard assets, present a variety of options for investors who want to put money toward areas of their personal interest. These may include income producing assets such as timberland, farmland, and commodities of all kind.  For more general information on investing in tangible assets, click here. Collectibles are fast becoming a popular investment vehicle for those who have lost trust in the public stock markets or are tired of fluctuations. Tangibles allow an investment to appreciate in value over time, which appeals to investors; however, personal interest in a tangible asset remains the number one reason people choose to invest in collecting them. Rare coins are considered to be a commodity-like investment where sentimental value may exist, but coins are one tangible that can also produce attractive financial returns. Note that there is a distinction between coins as bullion and coins as numismatics. Bullion has a higher ‘melt value’ – the value the metal would be worth if melted down. Numismatic coins, because they are often much older and made of various metals and components, have a lower melt value and are worth less when melted then they are in coin form. The general rule of thumb is to buy bullion for business, numismatics for fun.

This is the second in an AIMkts® series providing an introduction into various subclasses of antiques and collectibles.  This installment:  rare coins.

Why rare coins? 

People collect rare coins for the same reason people collect art, says Ilya Zlobin, ancient numismatic coin expert, dealer and enthusiast of “Rare coins, especially of the ancient Greeks and Romans capture the feel and the art of the time period [like] statues and architecture that have long been lost to history…” Also, says Zlobin, there is a very high upside resale potential should investors make the right buy for the right price. “…Stories of exponential growth understandable stoke investor interest in the world of collectibles,” according to a 2012 Barclay’s report. However, “Relatively few wealth individuals own treasure solely for its financial characteristics. Investors that do seek financial returns on insurance from their treasure typically favor commodity-like items, such as precious metals, coins and jewelry.” Once nicknamed “the hobby of kings“, collecting coins has become an everyman’s game thanks to a rise in numismatic scholarship, education, access to information and a growing sophistication of the general public over the last 500 years and is popularly referred to as “the king of hobbies”. For the average person, owning coins make possessing a piece of history remarkably accessible, and for those with an interest in antiquities, coins are more accessible, in general, than larger, tangible asset investments. For beginners, collecting rare coins may seem daunting. Experts and experienced collectors offer this advice:

  • Specialize – Choose a particular emperor, denomination, theme or time period and use it to guide how you invest. Stay focused on a particular concentration and build within that. Financier Louis E. Eliasberg did just that and his collection got him listed among the world’s most famed collectors.
  • Scrutinize – Don’t just pick randomly from your choices. Know what you’re looking for and examine coins carefully to make sure they fit with the direction you’re taking your collection.
  • Study – Collectors shouldn’t just take the opinions or advice of sellers. Collectors should become experts themselves, studying up on values, denominations, rarity and other aspects of the area in which they intent to collection so as to make an informed decision when investing. Read trade magazines, talk to other collectors and learn what questions to ask. Never buy what you don’t understand. Study up on some coin collecting lingo here.
  • Start Small – Buying small will allow investors to start collecting without betting the farm. Buying large quantities of coins or buying high priced coins should only come with experience. While buying rare coins or coins minted with historically importance is ideal, amateur or inexperience collectors should never spend large amounts of money on coins they don’t understand. Collector and numismatics mentor Susan Headley notes, “If you can’t afford to shell out $2,000 [per] coin to buy…high grades, then buy common coins in the finest grades you can.”

Grading Adding to that advice, we caution all coin investors to know their dealer. Investing in rare coins is as much as investment as putting money toward any asset class – trust is key. As a purveyor of rare coins, Zlobin notes that the grading scale is subjective one, with Good (G) being the lowest, to Very Good (VG), then Fine (F) followed by Very Fine (VF), followed by Extra Fine (EF) and finally, a perfect mint-state called Fleur-De-Coin (FDC). The overall appearance of a coin and its appeal to buyers and sellers alike are all highly subjective matters and grading standards may vary. Well-known houses like Heritage Auctions provide some guidance and the Professional Coin Grading Service, among others, can give a point of reference as well, but keep in mind that very fine distinctions between coins will make a big difference in its worth, even thousands of dollars’ worth of difference for the smallest distinction. Subjectivity is considered to be one of the risks in rare coin investing. “With many dealers and collectors, the coin’s state of preservation and aesthetic beauty are of paramount importance. In other words a beautiful coin is more desirable, and also much rarer in that state of preservation,” says Zlobin. “There are other things that are important for ancient numismatic coins, too, such as centering, the artistic beauty of the strike and its sharpness. Ancient coins were struck by hand, so a coin in fantastic preservation that is nicely centered and of an interesting historical character, period or city would have higher value.” Speaking of risk… “Caveat emptor” says Zlobin. “Deal with people that provide a guarantee and a good track record with their coins [and] with people you know and trust. Always ask for the best possible price.” Just like any investment has inherent risk, coin collecting is no different. Are the risks any greater or less than investing anywhere else? Not if you invest in what you love, say collectors. “There are many reputable dealers out there,” says Zlobin “It is a very big advantage to deal with them, as many have knowledge and experience, and know that it’s just good business to sell only authentic coins.” However, the Federal Trade Commission has issued warnings to help protect consumers from fraud. Read the warning here. False claims about grading, current value and buy back options are the most common ways investors lose money when collecting coins. “Examine coins in person. It’s difficult, if not impossible, to make a practical decision about buying a particular coin based on a photo or a conversation with the seller,” advises the FTC. “Check out any coin dealers in a search engine online. Read about other people’s experiences. Try to communicate offline if possible to clarify any details. In addition, contact your state Attorney General and local consumer protection agency.” And always get a second opinion. Zlobin’s risk advice to investors is:

  • Always try to get the best possible price – Investing in rare coins doesn’t have to break your bank. Some dealers can give you breaks as the margins are often-times sufficient for everyone to be happy.
  • Be detached about the outcome of the deal – Do your best to secure a great deal, but be an investor that can also think as a collector. This way you win either way.
  • Keep records of how much you paid for a coin, and all receipts – This will give you a record of the coin’s grade, and purchase information.  Also, if you want to sell these investments and realize a profit, you’ll need to be organized.
  • Work with dealers willing to prove themselves – Some dealers provide a lifetime guarantee of authenticity, and some will issue certificates of authenticity.

Return on Investment In general, investors can expect rare coins to have an investment horizon similar to most other investments – one that will last for a few months to many years. “I have seen ancient coins sold at one major auction house, to be sold just several months later and for more money at another auction house,” says Zlobin. “Yes, it is possible to make money rather quickly with intimate knowledge of the market [but] the money in ancient numismatic coins is made during the purchase of the item. A good rule of thumb is to always do your research and know that you can at least get what you paid for the coin back… With uncertainties about the valuations of all the global currencies, it is a good idea to hedge your net worth with this being a great avenue for storing wealth. Numismatic coins especially may carry a higher resale value than gold or silver bullion, as they are not as prone to those specific market fluctuations.” There are professional numismatic reference sites, where investors can trace the price trends of many different coin types going back many years and get an idea of how certain coins will fare on the resale market. Although any investment carries risk, and although almost all dealers of any investment will tell you that “past performance is not an indicator of future results”, investors can make informed decisions about their coins by taking a look at how the pros have traced them through the years. Is collecting rare coins for you? So, who are the buyers of rare coins? For the most part, they are anyone who is interested in owning a tangible piece of history. “For ancient numismatic coins specifically, the historical value is very important,” Zlobin says. “For example, a Julius Caesar coin sells in any market in practically any condition. Another well-known name would be Alexander the Great.” Coin collecting, known as “the king of hobbies” is an investment almost anyone can make. For serious investors, coins are a tangible asset that will provide diversity in an investment portfolio and help hedge against inflation as the value of rare coins is generally stable. “A lot of people don’t know this, but ancient coins are actually quite abundant,”according to Zlobin. Some celebrities and many other famous individuals are known to be avid coin collectors such as J.P. Morgan, the Hunt brothers hockey great Wayne Gretzky, Buddy Ebsen (aka “Jed Clampett”), and Nicole Kidman. “Coins, especially numismatic coins, are a beautiful asset to have,” says Zlobin. “Think about how tough it would be to fit a huge painting or a statue or another heavy work of art in your pocket, but an ancient coin can be placed in your pocket, yet be worth quite a lot of money. So you can say the reason why coins are so popular is that they are the original form of money and will always have some sort of value, whether intrinsic or numismatic, or both.”

By Alicia Purdy, Contributing Editor, Accredited Investor Markets

Reprinted with permission from Accredited Investor Markets (

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Greek Imperial aka Roman Provincial Coins Explained By Expert on Video

Guide to Roman Provincial / Greek Imperial Ancient Coins and Collection – ARTICLE with VIDEO‏

Learn about the amazing ancient Roman coins of the provinces of Greece and beyond

The Roman Empire spread way beyond Italy in ancient times. The territories under their control were allowed to keep their culture and their Greek language. They were also allowed to issue coins locally. These coins had Greek inscriptions on them, a lot of the times and include a myriad of reverses that were important to the local people living in the area.
The standard reference work on these coins is Greek Imperial Coins And Their Values by David R. Sear. This work is a great bird’s eye view of many Greek Imperial or otherwise known as Roman Provincial coins. Every emperor is included there, including some cultures that were present during the times of the Roman empire. Additional references are given to coins that were quasi-autonomous, or in other words, struck without the portrait of the emperor. Some of them are interesting and feature the portrait of the Roman Senate and Roma.
Overall, this is an interesting subject to learn about, explore and to collect. The advantage is that you can have reverse designs that you would not have on the Roman Imperial coins themselves, which featured strictly Roman motifs most of the time. Also to note, that some emperors, which are at times referred to as usurpers only issued coins in the province or city under their control. So you can only have a Roman provincial coin of them. Another benefit of Roman provincial coins is that they feature portraits of the imperial family which are otherwise not present on Roman Imperial coins. So, in conclusion, Greek Imperial or Roman Provincial coins made an amazing addition and make any ancient Roman coin collection more complete and more fascinating.
You can find a selection of over 1000 Roman provincial ancient coins not listed here. Seeing them is very simple by clicking here to go to my store, and then scrolling down to the appropriate Ancient ROMAN PROVINCIAL Coins  category. There is more than one so it is great to check both out. You can also get more familiar with how to use my store by clicking here.

An Overview of Different Ancient Roman Provincial / Greek Imperial Coins

This section features a selection of 27 different ancient coin types that are covered in my video above. You can learn a lot more about them by exploring my eBay store. I just picked out some of the nicest quality, and some of the rarest Roman provincial coins that I have. One of them even being a type that I believe may be a unique or unpublished example. You can learn a lot from the coins given below. Enjoy. 

CALIGULA 37AD Silver Drachm Caesarea Cappadocia Ancient Roman Coin i43636 RARE

Caligula – Roman Emperor: 37-41 A.D.
Silver Drachm 17mm (3.49 grams) mint of Caesarea in Cappadocia
Reference: Sear GIC 397; RSC 12; Sydenham 48; S. 48; B.M.C. 102; R.I.C. 8
C. CAESAR AVG. GERMANICVS, Bare head right.
IMPERATOR PONT. MAX. AVG. TR. POT., Simpulum and lituus.

OTHO 69AD Alexdandria Egypt Tetradrachm Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i47975

Otho – Roman Emperor: 69 A.D. –
Billon Tetradrachm 24mm (12.52 grams) of Alexandria in Egypt
Regnal Year 1, 69 A.D.
Reference: Dattari 328; Köln 249; Milne 366; Curtis 2393; Emmett 185; RPC I 5361
AYTOK. MARK. OΘΩΝΟΣ ΚΑΙΣ. ΣΕΒ., Laureate head right, LA (regnal date) before.
KPA TH ΣIΣ, Kratesis standing facing, head left, holding Nike and trophy.

OTACILIA SEVERA 244AD HEKATES Roman PHRYGIA Laodiceia ad Lycum Coin i46366 RARE

Otacilia Severa – Roman Empress: 244-249 A.D wife of Philip I ‘TheArab’
Bronze 31mm (14.41 grams) of PHRYGIA. Laodiceia ad Lycum
Reference: Sear GIC 4036; B.M.C.25.323,255
MARK. ΩΤΑΚΙΛ. CЄBHPA CЄB., Draped bust right.
ΛΑΟΔΙΚΕΩΝ ΝΕΩΚΟΡΩΝ, Hekate triformis, holding torch in each hand.

Ostensibly conceived as a cthonic goddess, similar to that of Artemis, Hekate was later transformed and associated with witches, ghosts, and curses. Similar to the Roman Trivia, her image was set up on boundaries to keep out evil spirits. The cult likely traced itself from Caria, with the most prominent cult site being Lagina where there are names stememming from Hekate are attested (derived from Hekatos, or “far-shooting”, an epithet of Apollo).

Divus AUGUSTUS and LIVIA after14AD Hispalis Spain Ancient Roman Coin i46784

Augustus – Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. – 14 A.D.
Divus Augustus and Livia
Bronze 35mm (23.89 grams) of Hispalis in Spain after 14 A.D.
Reference: Sear GIC 189; Heiss 393,2; Cohen 169,3
PERM. DIVI AVG. COL. ROM. – Radiate head of Augustus right; thunderbolt before, star above.
IVLIA AVGVSTA GENETRIX ORBIS – Head of Livia left; globe beneath, crescent above.

DOMITIAN Judaea Capta Caesarea Paneas 83AD Victory Nike Roman Coin Rare i47989

Domitian – Roman Caesar: 69-81 A.D. Emperor: 81-96 A.D. –
Bronze 19mm (4.62 grams) Caesarea Paneas in Judaea mint: 83/84 A.D.
under Herod Agrippa II
Reference: Hendin 1317 (5th Edition)
ΔΟΜΕΤ ΚΑΙ ΓΕΡΜΑΝ, Laureate head right.
ΕΤΟ ΚΔ ΒΑ ΑΓΡΙΠΠΑ, Nike ( Victory ) standing right, left foot on helmet, writing on a shield which rests on her left knee.

CALIGULA and CAESONIA 39AD Carthago Nova Spain Ancient Roman Coin RARE i46743

Caligula – Roman Emperor: 37-41 A.D.
Caligula and Caesonia
Bronze 28mm (11.72 grams) of Carthago Nova in Spain
Reference: Sear GIC 419; Heiss 272,35; Cohen 247,1
C. CAESAR AVG. GERMANIC. IMP.P.M.T.P. COS., Laureate head of Caligula right.
CN. ATEL. FLAC. CN. POM. FLAC. II. VIR. Q.V.I.N.C., Head of Caesonia right; SAL.-AVG. across field.

Married to Caligula in 39 A.D., she shared the fate of her husband after his assassination, when she was murdered with her infant daughter Drusilla.

SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS 193AD Laodicea ad Mare Silver Tetradrachm Roman Coin i46358

Septimius Severus – Roman Emperor: 193-211 A.D. –
Silver Tetradrachm 26mm (13.11 grams) of Laodicea ad Mare
Reference: Sear GIC 2261 var.; Prieur 1149 (94 spec.)
AVT. KAI. CЄOYHPOC CЄ., Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
ΔHMAPX. ЄΞ. YΠATOC TO Γ., Eagle standing facing, looking left, holding wreath in beak; star between legs.

AUGUSTUS Victory Over Brutus Cassius Assasins of Julius Caesar Roman Coin i47406

  Augustus – Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. – 14 A.D.
Bronze 19mm (3.94 grams) from the city of Philippi in Northern Greece,
Macedonia circa 27 B.C. -10 B.C.
Reference: BMC 23; Sear 32
VIC AVG, Victory  standing  left.
3 legionary Standards, ‘COHOR PRAEPHIL’

ANTONINUS PIUS & MARCUS AURELIUS Cyprus Mint LARGE Ancient Roman Coin i46372

Antoninus Pius – Roman Emperor: 138-161 A.D.
Antoninus Pius & Marcus Aurelius
Bronze 31mm (21.30 grams) of Cyprus
Reference: Sear GIC 1523; B.M.C. 24.84,48
AVT. K. T. AIΛ. AΔP. ANTΩNINOC CЄB. Є., Laureate  head of Antoninus Pius right.
M. AVPHΛIOC KAICAP VIOC CЄBAC, Bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust of Murcus  Aurelius right.

TRAJAN 115AD Silver Tetradrdachm Alexandria Egypt Zeus Ancient Roman Coin i46271

Trajan – Roman Emperor : 98-117 A.D. –
Billon Silver Tetradrachm 23mm (9.54 grams) of Alexandria in Egypt
Year 19 of reign, 115/116 A.D.
Reference: Dattari 692 variant
AVT TPAIAN API CЄB ΓЄPM ΔAKIK, laureate head right, star in field to right.
Draped bust of Zeus right, LI Θ (date) across fields.

NERO 63AD Serapis Alexandria Egypt Tetradrachm Ancient Silver Roman Coin i46361

Nero – Roman Emperor:  54-68 A.D. –
Billon Silver Tetradrachm 25mm (12.31 grams) of Alexandria in Egypt
Year 10 = 63/64 A.D.
Reference: Milne 222; Koln 160; RPC 5274; Sear 5 #2001; Dattari 251
NEPΩ KΛAV KAIΣ ΣEB ΓEP, radiate head right.
AYTO KPA, draped bust of Serapis right, LI before.

NERO & AGRIPPINA Jr. Rape of Persephone by Hades Nysa Lydia Roman Coin i44411

Nero – Roman Emperor:  54-68 A.D. –
Bronze 19mm (4.90 grams) of Nysa in Lydia
Reference: Rare, possibly unpublished type
Jugate heads of Nero and his mother Agrippina Jr. Right.
“Rape of Persephone Scene” Hades in galloping quadriga (four horse chariot) abducting the protesting Persephone, whom he holds in his right arm.

* Numismatic Note; This is a very rare, possibly only one known of it’s kind. I have searched various database and could not find a match with the obverse type. Additionally the abduction of Persephone by Hades is a very intersting and rare motif that some collectors enjoy.

Hades the ancient Greek god of the underworld, can’t help but to abduct the beautiful Persephone, the daughter of Demeter. Being the goddess of agriculture, Demeter is so sad that nothing grows in the world. Zeus interjects as the people grow hungry from this and gets the return of Persephone to her mother. However, Hades tricks Persephone into eating a pomegranate and because she tasted the fruit of the underworld, she must return for one third of the year, which are attributed to the winter months. This myth explains the seasons in the ancient times.

MAXIMINUS I Thrax Medallion Tarsus Cilicia HERCULES TELEPHOS Roman Coin i44110

Maximinus I ‘Thrax’ – Roman Emperor: 235-238 A.D. –
Bronze Medallion 38mm (25.88 grams) from
Referenc: SNG France 1613; SNG Levante 1098
AVT. K. Γ. IOV. OVH. MAΞΙΜЄΙΝΟC, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; Π-Π in field.
TAPCOV THC MHTPOΠΟΛЄW, Hercules standing right, holding club resting on bull’s head, lion skin, and the child Telephus, who leans forward to pet a deer; tree with birds in background; A / M / K / Γ / B in field to left.

This charming reverse type depicting Hercules and his son Telephus derives from a 4th century BC Greek sculpture. Roman copies of this work survive, the finest of which is belongs to the Louvre.

Tiberius & Drusus & Germanicus Rare HUGE Ancient Roman Coin of Spain i11627

Tiberius – Roman Emperor: 14-37 A.D. –
Bronze As 27mm (10.77 grams) of Colonia Romula (Seville), Spain
Reference: RPC 74; Burgos (1992) 1588
PERM DIVI AVG COL ROM, laureate head of Tiberius left.
GERMANICVS CAESAR DRVSVS CAESAR, confronted heads of Germanicus & Drusus.

PONTIUS PILATE Ancient Biblical Roman Jerusalem Coin JESUS CHRIST Time i36578

Pontius Pilate – (chiefly known for crucifixion of Jesus) ruled 26-36 A.D.
Procurator of Judaea under Emperor Tiberius, Roman Emperor: 14-37 A.D.
Bronze Prutah 15mm (1.86 grams) Jerusalaem 30-31 A.D.
Reference: Hendin 1342.
Lituus, surrounded by TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC.
Date LIZ (= year 18 = 31 C.E.) within wreath.

* Numismatic Note: Authentic ancient biblical coin, issued by the Roman procurator whom had Jesus Christ crucified. Very rare, unique piece of ancient history.

MAXIMUS PRUSA ADHYPIUM Anteus Nude Hercules gripping Anteus Roman Coin i22423

Maximus – Caesar under Maximinus: 235-238 A.D.
Bronze As 23mm (6.77 grams) of Prusa ad Hypium in Bithynia
Γ. ΙΟVΛ. ΟVΗΡ. ΜΑΞΙΜΟC K, bare-headed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
ΠΡΟVCIEΩN ΠΡΟC VΠIΩ, Hercules gripping Anteus in bear hug and lifting him from the ground, making weak for him to defeat him.

* Numismatic Note: Very rare ruler and very rare ancient roman provincial city,
along with rare reverse type.


Julia Domna – Roman Empress Wife of Emperor Septimius Severus 193-211 A.D. –
Bronze 24mm (7.20 grams) from the city of Marcianopolis 193-209 A.D.
IOVΛIA ΔOMNA CEB, draped bust right.
MAPKIANOΠOΛITΩN, The Three Graces, Aglaea, Euphrosyne and Thalia, standing side-by-side facing, nude, arms around each other’s shoulders.

CARACALLA 198AD Nicopolis under Aurelius Gallus Big Roman Coin VICTORY i23619

Caracalla – Roman Emperor: 198-217 A.D. –
Bronze 26mm (12.85 grams) of Nicopolis ad Istrum in Moesia Inferior
under Magistrate Aurelius Gallus circa 198-209 A.D.
AV K. M AVP ANTΩNEINO, laureate head right.
VΠ AVP ΓAΛΛOV NIKOΠOLITΩN ΠPOC I, Victory on globe left, holding wreath and palm.

* Numismatic Note: Fantastic quality coin with beautiful emerald-green patina.

CLAUDIUS & BRITANNICUS Rare Ancient Greek Coin Countermark of Apollo i22441

Claudius – Roman Emperor: 41-54 A.D. –
Claudius & Britannicus
Bronze 26mm (8.14 grams) of Thessalonica in Macedonia circa 45-50 A.D.
Reference: S. 497; B.M.C. 5.118,81; RPC 1588
TI. KΛΑΥΔΙΟC KAICAP CЄBA. Bare head of Claudius left.
BPЄTANNIKOC ΘЄCCAΛONIK. Bare head of Britannicus left; all within laurel-wreath, countermark of Apollo before face.

ANTONINUS PIUS Marcus Aurelius Father Ancient RomanCoin ARES Mars Cult i14350

Antoninus Pius – Roman Emperor: 138-161 A.D.
Bronze 18mm (4.68 grams) of Philippopolis in Thrace
AVT K ANTΩNEINOC CEB, bare bust right.
ΦIΛIIΠΠOΠOΛEIT, Nude Ares standing left, holding patera and spear.

TITUS & DOMITIAN CAESARS 77AD Stobi Macedonia Roman Coin Dionysus Temple i28335

Titus & Domitian as Caesars
Bronze 25mm (5.10 grams) of Stobi in Macedonia Struck 77-78 A.D.
Reference: RPC 311; Boric-Breskovic, Stobi, p. 29, Type 3; AMNG III -; Varbanov 3805
T CAESAR IMP DOMITIANVS CAESAR, Laureate and draped bust of Titus right vis-à-vis bare head of Domitian left.
MVNICIPI STOBENSIVM, tetra-style temple on podium with two steps; inside, Dionysus standing left; clipeus in pediment.

SEVERUS ALEXANDER Caesarea Cappadocia Mt. Argeus Aquila Eagle Roman Coin i44143

Severus Alexander – Roman Emperor: 222-235 A.D.
Bronze 26mm (12.71 grams) of Caesarea in Cappadocia
Dated Regnal Year 6, 227/228 A.D.
Reference: Sydenham, Caesarea 565 var.
AV K CЄ OVHPOC ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡ, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right.
MHTPO KAICAPI, Mt. Argaeus surmounted by eagle; aquilae flanking, ЄT ς (date) in exergue.


Macrinus – Roman Emperor: 217-218 A.D. –
Bronze 22mm (8.48 grams) of Deultum in Thrace
Reference: Draganov 119 (O19/R587); Youroukova 61; Varbanov 2129
IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, Radiate and cuirassed bust right.
COL FL PAC DEVLT, Perseus standing left, holding a harpa and Medusa‘s head with his left hand, using his right hand to help Andromeda down off some rocks; dead sea monster at feet.

Augustus 27BC Amphipolis Macedon Rare Ancient Roman Coin Artemis Bull i30611

Augustus – Roman Emperor: 27 B.C. – 14 A.D.
Bronze 22mm (6.34 grams) of Greek city of Amphipolis in Macedon 27 B.C. – 10 A.D.
Reference: RPC 1629; SNG ANS 160 var.
KAIΣΑΡOΣ ΣЄBACTOΣ – Bare head of Augustus right.
ΑΜΦΙΠΟΛЄΙΤΩΝ – Artemis Tauropolos riding on bull galloping right, veil flowing above.

CLAUDIUS Philippi Julius Caesar & Augustus Statues Ancient Roman Coin i40538

Claudius – Roman Emperor: 41-54 A.D. –
Bronze 26mm (12.58 grams) of the City of Philippi in Macedonia Struck 41-54 A.D.
Reference: Sear GIC 428; B.M.C. 5.98,25; Cohen 260, 117
TI. CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG. P.M. TR. P. IMP. – Bare head of Claudius left.
COL AVG IVL PHILIP, cippus inscribed with DIVVS
AVG in two lines, on which stand statues of
Augustus (to left) & Caesar (to right), altar on either side of cippus.

OTACILIA SEVERA 244AD Ancient Roman Coin HYGEIA Salus Serpent Very rare i20496

Otacilia Severa – Roman Empress: 244-249 A.D wife of Emperor Philip I –
Bronze 21mm (4.63 grams) of Deultum in Thrace circa 244-249 A.D.
MARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, draped bust right.
COL F L PAC DEVLT, Hygeia standing right, feeding a serpent from a patera.

SEPTIMIUS SEVERUS 193AD Nicopolis Ancient Roman Coin Nude HERMES i22612

Septimius Severus – Roman Emperor: 193-211 A.D. –
Bronze 15mm (2.18 grams) of Nicopolis ad Istrum in Moesia Inferior 193-211 A.D.
AV K Λ CEVHPOC, laureate head right.
NIKOΠOΛIT ΠPOC ICTP, Hermes, nude, standing left with money-pouch and caduceus.

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List of GODS & GODDESSES on Ancient Greek & Roman Coins for Sale on eBay

List of GODS & GODDESSES on Ancient Greek & Roman Coins
including the Deities and Mythical Characters to Collect

A world of mystery, intrigue and fantasy awaits. See the various gods, goddesses, and mythical deities and characters available to collect on ancient Greek and Roman coins. Transport yourself to the ancient past, explore the unexplored and collect authentic ancient coins of those various deities. This article was intended to expand on various ideas for a coin collector and a fantastic coin collection. By clicking on the links below, you will search my eBay store for specific examples of these these gods that I have available on coins. The goal is for you to have an easy-to-use guide, which allows you to view the different types of coins easily and quickly. Below is a link to download this article in PDF format to your computer, which will allow you to come back to this info in the future, or if you print it out, you can always find this article again online via the link:

  1. Zeus on Ancient Greek Coins | Jupiter, his Roman Equivalent Ancient Coins
  2. Hercules on Ancient Greek and Roman Coins
  3. Ares on Ancient Greek Coins | Mars, his Roman Equivalent Ancient Coins | Virtus, the god of valor, often depicted like Mars or Ares on ancient Roman Coins
  4. Nymph the Ancient Greek Deity depicted on Greek and Roman coins
  5. Felicitas the Ancient Roman goddess of luck | Fortuna the Ancient Roman goddess of luck | Tyche the Ancient Greek goddess of luck – Luck goddesses.
  6. Hera on Ancient Greek Coins | Juno the Ancient Roman Goddess on Coins
  7. Nike, the ancient Greek goddess of victory ancient coins | Victory the Ancient Roman Goddess of Victory – Both I believe to be the ancient depictions of what later was known to be angels.
  8. Apollo on Ancient Greek and Roman Coins, the god of music, healing and light (sun)
  9. Helios, the sun god, on Ancient Greek Coins | Sol, the sun god, on Ancient Roman Coins
  10. Artemis, the goddess of the hunt on Ancient Greek Coins | Diana, the goddess of the hunt on Ancient Roman Coins
  11. Aphrodite, the goddess of love on Ancient Greek Coins | Venus, the goddess of love on Ancient Roman Coins
  12. Spes, the goddess of hope on ancient Roman coins | Elpis, the goddess of hope on ancient Greek coins
  13. Laetitia, the goddess of happiness on ancient Roman coins
  14. Isis, the originally ancient Egyptian goddess on ancient Roman and Greek coins
  15. Athena the ancient Greek goddess of wisdom on coins | Minerva the ancient Roman goddess of wisdom on coins
  16. Concordia, goddess of agreement in marriage and society on ancient Roman Coins
  17. Aequitas on ancient Roman CoinsAequitas is the nominative form of the Latin æquitatem, meaning justice, equality, conformity, symmetry, or fairness, and is the source of the modern word “equity”.
  18. Justitia, the Roman goddess of Justice on ancient Roman Coins
  19. Eros, the primordial god of sexual love and beauty on Ancient Greek Coins | Cupid, the primordial god of sexual love and beauty on Ancient Roman Coins
  20. Libertas, the god of liberty on ancient Roman coins
  21. Pietas, the god of piety on ancient Roman coins
  22. Vesta on ancient Roman coins – Vesta was the virgin goddess of the hearth, home, and family in Roman religion.
  23. Genius on ancient Roman coins – In ancient Roman religion, the genius was the individual instance of a general divine nature that is present in every individual person, place, or thing.
  24. Demeter on ancient Greek coins | Ceres on ancient Roman coins | Annona on ancient Roman coins – Goddesses that are depicted in connection with the harvest.
  25. Asclepius the Ancient Greek and Roman god of medicine
  26. Hygeia on Ancient Greek and Roman coins – Hygieia, or Hygeia, was a daughter of the god of medicine, Asclepius. She was the goddess of health, cleanliness and sanitation and afterwards, the moon.
  27. Salus on Ancient Roman coins – Salus (Health) a Goddess of the Romans, the same that was worshipped under the name of Hygiea by the Greeks, who feigned her to be the daughter of Asclepius and of Minerva.
  28. Telesphorus on Ancient Greek and Roman coins –  In Greek mythology, Telesphorus (or Telesphoros; Τελεσφόρος) was a son of Asclepius. He frequently accompanied his sister, Hygieia. He was a dwarf whose head was always coveredwith a hood or cap. He symbolized recovery from illness, as his name means “the accomplisher” or “bringer of completion” in Greek.
  29. Persephone on Ancient Greek and Roman coins | Kore on Ancient Greek and Roman coins – In Greek mythology, Persephone also called Kore (the maiden) is the daughter of Zeus and the harvest-goddess Demeter, and queen of the underworld.
  30. Priapus on Ancient Greek and Roman coins – In Greek mythology, Priapos (Ancient Greek: Πρίαπος), Latinized as Priapus, was a minor rustic fertility god, protector of livestock, fruit plants, gardens and male genitalia. His Roman equivalent was Mutunus Tutunus. He was best noted for his huge, permanent erection, which gave rise to the medical term priapism.
  31. Poseidon on Ancient Greek and Roman coins | Neptune on Ancient Roman coins – Poseidon was the god of the sea, and, as “Earth-Shaker,” of earthquakes in Greek mythology. Neptune (Latin: Neptūnus) was the god of water and the sea in Roman mythology and religion.
  32. Pax, the goddess of peace on Ancient Roman coins | Eirene, the goddess of peace on Ancient Roman coins
  33. Janus the Ancient Roman God of Beginnings and Endings, doors and name behind our month January
  34. Abundantia, the ancient Roman goddess – Abundantia was the Roman goddess of good fortune, abundance and prosperity.
  35. Hermes, Greek god of commerce | Mercury, the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Hermes
  36. Three Graces, also known as the Charites on ancient Greek and Roman coins
  37. River Gods on Ancient Greek and Roman coins
  38. Kronos, the ancient Greek time god

See also:

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Article by Ilya Zlobin, world-renowned expert numismatist, enthusiast, author and dealer in authentic ancient Greek, ancient Roman, ancient Byzantine coins and beyond.

Greek and Roman Gods and Goddesses on Ancient Coins

Learn More Here: List of GODS & GODDESSES on Ancient Greek & Roman Coins for Sale on eBay

Ancient Coin Enthusiast, Author, Dealer and Expert, Ilya Zlobin shares insights into numismatic coin collecting on this blog.